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All Four x 4 Spares Blog

Our All Four x 4 Spares Blog provides great information on the 4wd Industry in general. Please check back on a regular basis as we explore a range of issues that are important to our industry.

 

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Why you should install a Diff Breather Kit to your 4WD

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DB4001__2

 

Diff breathers are essential insurance for your 4WD vehicle if you drive through water.

 

This post will cover a few critical aspects of diff breathers and an overview of their functionalities with a special mention of the most common diff breather kit brands on the market.

 

To begin with, everyone's 4wd has differentials, gearboxes and transfer boxes all have breathers on from the factory. The diff, gearbox and transfer need to vent off some of the excess heat generated within, ensuring that the seals and gears stay in good operating order.

 

The thing is, with a lot of 4wds, these vents are in pretty good locations, but with some, well... not so good at all. 

 

In fact, some of them are actually relatively low in the vehicle. 

 

And if you've got to do a water crossing, go through any water puddle or whatever it may be, it can have a dramatic effect. Furthermore, the rapid cooling of the diff causes the air inside the diff to condense and suck outside air in to fill the void.

 

You can imagine the heat that gets generated within the differentials of the vehicle, and then if you're going through a water crossing with that complete heat, well what can happen is that it can actually suck the water back into the differential and cause a lot of damage to the diff itself so by installing diff breathers and we've got a wide range here at All Four x 4 Spares, you can make sure that your vehicle is going to be well protected.

 

Because we can guarantee you, there's a lot of people that will do even the smallest water crossing, and it might be a crossing that they haven't actually even intended on doing and it's caused damage by sucking water into the diffs and the transfer case. So something to consider towards reducing that risk by installing diff breathers to your 4x4 vehicle.

 

Now you're not going to know that water is in there, and after a thousand Kms or so of driving with water in the diff, it can cause rust, and all sorts of premature failure, so an inexpensive diff breather kit will make a big difference to the car. 

 

Please check the video below from Alan Johnson of Piranha Offroad to learn more about the basics of these inexpensive but useful products. They offer incredible protection for less than you think. 

 

Diff breather kits also help by reducing the chance of the breather blocking (mud and dirt etc), if a breather was to block it can blow out oil seals. 

 

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                         

 

 

How to install a diff breather?

 

Please check this video to learn more about installing a Diff Breather Kit to your 4wd

 

 

 

 


 

All Four x 4 Spares' Diff breather kits range:

 


 

Blackhawk Diff Breather Kit / Driveline Breather Kit 

 

DB4001__1
 
  • Suitable for Toyota, Nissan, Holden and Mitsubishi. Shop Here
  • Suitable for Ranger, Courier, Mazda BT. Shop Here

 

As discussed earlier, when the vehicle is running at normal operating temperatures, and driveline components come into contact with mud or water, the temperature change creates a vacuum inside your hot diffs, gearbox or transfer case.

 

This pressure shift encourages dirt, water and debris to be 'sucked' into the driveline components through the factory breathers or seals.

 

Blackhawk Diff Breather Kits replace the factory breathers and allow the driveline components to be vented in one central location, usually high above the potential water/mud level.

 

Thus enabling the components to breathe freely and eliminating the potential for oil contamination which can lead to damaged drivetrain components.

 

The Blackhawk Driveline breather kit acts as a 'snorkel' for the vehicle's driveline and is more than just a "diff breather".

 

The Blackhawk Driveline Breather Kit is installed in its complete four-port configuration and provides breathability and protection to the front and rear differentials, transmission and transfer case.

 

Features:

  • Suits for two-port or four-port installation.
  • Quality 8mm breather hose in spring style design flexible polyurethane for improved install, operation (suits long travel) and hose longevity.
  • High-quality stainless steel fittings.
  • Billet machined T6061 aluminium manifold.
  • Compact design.
  • Rear-mounted washable filters sit out of sight and away from the elements.- Isolated ports are protected from contamination in the event of mechanical failure or flow back.
  • Comprehensive fitting kit.
  • Can be plumbed into the vehicles airbox to maximise the potential of uninterrupted air supply if the vehicle happens to be submerged underwater temporarily.

 

DB4001__2

 

Learn more here about Blackhawk 4x4 Diff Breather Kits

 


Ironman 4x4 Diff Breather Kit Twin Filtered 

 

U4062-WEB-3-8

 

Suitable for diff housings, transfer cases, gearboxes and winch motors.

 

Specifically designed for use on vehicles that work in off-road and harsh conditions from sub-zero to humid tropics. The Ironman 4×4 twin breather kit is used to raise the height of your vehicles driveline components vents to help prevent water ingress by providing raised filtered ventilation.

 

The twin manifold allows for multiple components to be connected at one time or double the kit up for extra components. The kit is a fully machined aluminium manifold with brass filters with high-quality oil resistant reinforced hose.

 

Kit contains:

  • 1x Twin breather manifold with brass breathers and hose barbs
  • 2x Brass barbs
  • 1x 10m Oil resistant hose
  • 4x Stainless steel hose clamps
  • 2x Self drilling screws
  • Cable ties

 

Learn more here about Ironman 4x4 Diff Breather Kits

 


Piranha Diff Breather Kit

 

Piranha_Diff_Breather_Kit__47338.1604113187

 

It includes:

 

  • 7m of Hose
  • 2 x Filters
  • 2 x Brass Fittings
  • Hose Clamps
  • Mounting Bracket
  • Cable Ties
  • Installation Guide

 

Learn more here about Piranha Offroad Diff Breather Kits 

 

 


Conclusion

 

Do you have any questions about Diff Breather Kits? Post them in the comments!

 

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What you need to know about ELockers locking differentials

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Harrop_Elockers

 

Elockers are amazingly helpful for 4WD vehicles when offroading, although they are not indispensable. Of course, you can also do without them when Overlanding or rock climbing, but you can't argue with the fact that they are very convenient. 

 

This post will cover a few critical aspects of Elockers and overview their functionalities and mechanisms with a special mention of the most common brands in the market.

 


What is an ELocker, and how does it work?

ELockers are reliable electronic, selectable differentials with net-forged gears for added strength and intended for 4wd drivers that require traction on-demand.

 

Basically, an ELocker operates as an open differential until you choose to need more traction.

 

You can go from open to 100% locked by flipping a switch, and when the electromagnet is activated, the ball bearings are forced out of their pockets and up the ramp, which pushes the locking pins into position in the back of the side gear.

 

The ELocker's electromagnetic locking mechanism is the next generation of aftermarket differential technology.

 

 

elocker_sections

 

When unlocked, a locking differential operates like an open differential during turns, and the wheels can rotate at different speeds.

 

However, when the differential is locked, the wheels are forced to rotate at the same speed. Unlike an open differential, the torque can be significantly unbalanced.

 

To demonstrate why this is important, let's see what happens when one wheel is off the ground, which can occur when offroading or driving through a hole.

 

The locking differential forces the wheels to rotate at the same speed. The wheel in the air doesn't receive any torque because it has no traction; the other wheel receives all the torque, the vehicle moves.

 

So with the locking differential in action, When unlocked, the wheels can still rotate at different speeds during a turn but rotate at the same speed when locked.

 

As a result, torque is not always balanced and can be significantly unbalanced. 

 

You can check this video to learn more about all the nitty-gritty:

 

 

 


Can you engage an Elocker while driving?

 

While technically, you can engage it on the fly, you need to pay attention that the wheel speed difference (between the right and left wheel) remains under 50 rpm.

 

Eaton firmly advises engaging your ELocker only when the car speed is below 5mph.

 

While ELockers are intended to accommodate severe use, constant abuse and extreme speed engagement will significantly shorten the life of the ELocker and is not covered under warranty.

 

Also, note that when the electrical signal is received by the ELocker, it instantly attempts to lock and match wheel speeds.

 

As a result, the differential must immediately snap (accelerate) the slow speed wheel, axle shaft, and brake component mass (weight) to the same speed as the free-spinning wheel.

 

This is not only harsh on the differential; it is incredibly harsh on the axle shaft.

 

 


Facts about Harrop Eaton ELocker Engagement

Please check this video to learn more interesting facts about Harrop Eaton Elocker engagement mechanisms

 

 


How do you install a diff?

Please check this video from Mad Matt 4wd  to learn more about installing a Diff

 

 


How to activate ELockers

 

ELocker_Switches

 

ELockers are activated by a dash (or console) mounted switch, included with all new ELockers.

 

Any suitable 12VDC (or 24VDC for military designs) switch will work.

 

The wiring harness with a relay switch, chassis electrical system protecting diode, and the fuse is included with all aftermarket performance ELocker differentials.

 


Can you rebuild Eaton ELockers?

 

Yes, it's possible. According to your needs, several service kits are available, including gear service kits, locking mechanism kits, stator/armature kits, and a universal wiring kit.

 

You can also purchase just the ELocker wiring harness since it is universal to fit any vehicle and can be purchased separately. For specific inquiries, call our Elockers specialists on 02 4041 4041

 


What locking mode(s) does an Eaton ELocker have?

 

The Eaton ELocker is an open differential with electronically-controlled locking features.

 

While the design of the locking components differs between models and generations of designs, they all work by locking one of the side gears to the differential case.

 

When the ELocker is engaged via the dash switch, the electromagnetic mechanism fully locks, evenly sending 100% of the available torque to both wheels. 

 


Do you need a relay to operate an Elocker?

 

All Eaton ELockers carry a relay in the wire harness which should be utilised.

 

While the current requirements of the differentials range from 5-10 amps, installers are well encouraged to use the relay to extend switch life and provide a more stable current to the differential electronics. 

 


Types of gear oil for the ELocker

 

Most gear oils are adequate: a quality, petroleum-mineral based oil is recommended.

 

Synthetic oils and friction modifiers can also be utilised but are not mandatory.

 

A lower viscosity gear oil (equivalent to API GL-5 75W-90) is recommended in cold weather conditions.

 

 


What is a Harrop E locker?

 

 

Harrop ELocker's electromagnetic locking, four pinions, forged gear design is the next generation of aftermarket differential technology.

 

Functioning as an open differential until you require instant traction when locked, the Harrop ELocker takes 100% of available torque and distributes it evenly to both ends of the axle.

 

ELECTRIC LOCKING DIFFERENTIAL: Full axle lock, on-demand (ordinarily open, fully "street-able")

SIMPLE, DRIVER CONTROL: Push a button for maximum traction in challenging terrain

RELIABLE OPERATION: Net forged gears produce outstanding strength and endurance

 

Core features

Driver selectable operation - full axle lock upon activation

Net-forged gears for added strength

Works in forward and reverse

Front and rear axle applications

 

 


Conclusion

 

All Four x 4 Spares stock a Harrop E-Locker Electronic Diff Lock to suit solid axle differentials only (not Independent Front Suspension) for Toyota Landcruiser Solid Front Diffs for

  • 70 Series 1990 to current
  • 80 Series 1990-1998 and 100 Series 1998-2007
  • All Hilux rear diffs to current models (note: models after 2005 require different diff bearings - call or email for more information).
  • Suits Front of Hilux to 1997 with solid front axle
  • Prado 90 and 120 from 1996 to 2009 rear diff solid axle only and rear diff of FJ Cruiser 2005 on solid axle only

 

Kit includes E-Locker centre, all required wiring harness with convoluted tubing, in-dash switch with covers for either front or rear locker (depending on your application) and a handful of cable ties to keep it all tidy. Comes with 3yr Manufacturers Warranty.

 

We can also stock or order Elockers for more vehicle make/models, please do not hesitate to contact our experienced sales team and they will guide you towards choosing the right product for your needs or order the right Elocker for your vehicle.

 

Do you have any questions about Elockers? Post them in the comments!

 

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Cruise Control Kits: what are they and why you need one

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cruise_control_steering_wheel_istock_-_zenstock

 

 

Ready to hit the road (hopefully interstate) this summer after what felt like an eternity? If you are planning long trips...cruising along, and enjoying the scenery, well.. cruise controls may come quite handy.

 

 

This post will cover a few critical aspects of cruise controls, what they are, how they work, and how they can benefit you on the road. 

 

 


First of all, how does cruise control work?

 

Cruise control is a system that automatically manages the speed of a car. Cruise controls help reduce drivers fatigue while driving a long distance by imitating how a human driver would drive.

 

 

But instead of pushing the accelerator pedal, it utilises an actuator to regulate the throttle helping your car cruise at the same speed. Or technically, a servomechanism's system that leads over the car's throttle to sustain the steady speed set by the driver.

 

Ok, you may ask, is a cruise control connected to the transmission?

 

 

The quick answer is that a cruise control utilises some of the same sensor inputs the transmission uses, affecting the transmission and cruise control. So, for example, if the transmission is slipping, the cruise control may not control the speed steadily.

 

 

You can check this video to learn more about all the nitty-gritty:

 

 


Can you brake on cruise control?

 

Sure, you can but applying the foot brake automatically shuts off the cruise settings.

 

Alternatively, you can step on the brake pedal using the decelerate button on your car's cruise control panel.

 

Typically, you can adjust the speed setting by tapping up or down.

 

 


When should you use cruise control?

 

Ideally, you should press on cruise control when there is little to no traffic and let you enjoy those clear roads, helping you maintain a consistent speed.

 

And, of course, use it only when the speed limit stays the same for long periods.

 

 


Could cruise control be bad?

 

Well, it can potentially affect your reaction times.

 

As mentioned, cruise control makes it super-easy.

 

Still, it can get too comfortable, causing you not to stay alert while driving.

 

In addition, it can lead to slower reaction times in the event of unexpected stops in traffic.

 

Such as or when other drivers cut you off, distracted pedestrians, crazy kangaroos crossing into your path, you name it. 

 

 


So when is it advisable NOT to use cruise control:

 

 

  1. When it's wet or slippery. Even if your car has ACC or traction control, play safe and not cruise control on wet terrain.
  2. When you feel sleepy (obviously)
  3. When driving in urban areas or heavy traffic.
  4. When driving through strong winds.

 


Do we suggest not using cruise control in the rain?

 

There is a bit of debate on using cruise control when raining.

 

Most people would recommend being fully in command and turning it off; however, others may suggest otherwise, as you can learn below:

 

 

 


Can cruise control be bad for your engine?

 

Not at all.

 

The constant change in acceleration and deceleration costs extra fuel plus wear and tear on the driveline.

 

So cruise control is good for your car.

 

And generally speaking, it can save petrol by helping you become more fuel-efficient, saving an average of 7-14% on fuel, thanks to its ability to keep a constant speed and apply gentle acceleration.

 

 


Does cruise control use the battery?

 

You will save battery on flat roads. Doesn't matter what you drive: electric, petrol or diesel car.

 

On hilly roads, cruise control will use more energy, kind of obvious, really.

 

 

 


So, after all, is cruise control worth using?

 

Sure is.

 

Using cruise control is an excellent method to control your speed when driving in determined areas.

 

Setting your vehicle's cruise control at a reasonable speed (speed limit would be a good start) will also reduce fuel consumption by limiting abrupt accelerations and decelerations.

 

 


My 4wd doesn't have cruise control. Can I still install it? 

 

You sure can, and it's never too late.

 

There are many aftermarket cruise control kits suitable for specific make/models (but you can also get universal fitting cruise control kits).

 

Both are pretty straightforward to install, as you can see in this video:

 

 

 

 


Does All Four x 4 Spares sell cruise control kits?

 

You bet!

 

We proudly stock Plug and Play Autostrada E-Cruise Controls as a perfect addition for your 4WD.

 

They're easy to install, use, and engineered to ensure an ideal fit with the highest level of reliability.

 

OEM style steering wheel stalk and electrical connectors for reliability and ease of installation, giving that factory fitted look with a quality feel.

 

Installation is a simple process with all plugs being OEM style with only one wire which needs soldering.

 

A template is provided for cutting the hole required for fitting the stalk through the steering column shroud.

 

Includes LED for with 8mm bezel and cruise control decal.

 

 

ECTY07O__

 

 

Our Autostrada cruise control kits come with comprehensive, easy to follow fitting instructions, including diagnostic mode and troubleshooting guides.

 

Suits automatic or manual transmission vehicles with airbags.

 

Kits include steering column control stalk (with bolts and template), two wiring harnesses, RF transmitter, RF Receiver, LED bezel, cruise control decal, instructions and cable ties.

 

We stock the following:

 

 

 

 


Concluding with a bit of fun

 

Wonder what it is like driving using CRUISE CONTROL ONLY? Check it out here (and of course, please don't try this on the road)

 

 

 

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Dual Battery Systems Setup Kits Explained

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Dual_Battery_Kits

credits to Alan Johnson from Piranha Off-Road

 

An important thing to look at when you're choosing a battery system for your vehicle is that it is going to be physically capable of handling the demands of a 4wd vehicle.

 

 

This post will cover a few critical aspects of Dual Battery Systems, what they are, how they work, and what to look for when installing them in your 4wd. 

 

 

Now typically, in a 4WD vehicle, we're going to get:

 

  • dust
  • water (duh) through river crossings 
  • huge amounts of vibration (shaking the hell out of the car) due to road corrugation

 

A system has to be tough enough to withstand those very harsh conditions. 

 

 

One of the beautiful things about living in Australia and being an Australian is that we have one of the best testing areas in all the world: the deserts in the outback.

 

 

Piranha Offroad R&D specialists came back from 7000 km's across the Simpson Desert doing further development work and testing on some of their products, and they had no dramas with their excellent dual battery systems proving their reliability whether that is going to be used in the Australian outback or the Australian bush. 

 

 

There are some things that we need to look for:

 

 

We need to ensure that that product will be tough enough to work reliably and long term in our vehicle. 

 

 

As briefly touched earlier, in a 4WD vehicle, we're going to get: extreme heat, vibration and lots and lots of shaking around you to corrugations

 

 

Therefore we need a product that is strong enough to withstand that. 

 

 

ice_screenshot_20210804-154919

 

 

An excellent dual battery system will have features such as nickel-plated bolts and a sealed casing so when the wires go through, it won't allow any rubbish to get into it.

 

 

It'll be capable of standing years and years of corrugations reliably doing everything you want it to do 

 

 


Dual Battery Systems FAQ

 

 

Now we're going to answer some questions that get asked all the time about dual battery systems. 

 

 

A typical question is:

 

 

Why does a modern vehicle and what we mean by modern cars, something made probably in the last five years, require a different type of battery controller to what we possibly would have used in the 20 years prior to that?

 

 

The answer is straightforward:

 

 

Modern-day vehicles have full electronics on them that control everything from the gearbox, the engine management system, in most cases ABS brakes and in some cases, stability control.

 

 

There's probably more computing power in many of these modern vehicles than the original Apollo mission to the moon lol.

 

 

That's just the evolution.

 

 

Unfortunately, the old solutions like marine switches and solenoids are no longer relevant for modern-day cars, and why is that?

 

 

ice_screenshot_20210804-134328

marine switches

 

 

ice_screenshot_20210804-134342

Solenoids

 

 

The computing power that we have in these modern vehicles means that these vehicles are susceptible to damage from things like voltage spikes.

 

 

A voltage spike or a surge occurs when you parallel batteries together in a charging scenario. It's just like jump-starting.

 

 

voltage-spike-effect-on-system-voltage

 

 

Now obviously, you don't want to damage the computer in your car, and you don't want to damage any of the electronics either. 

 

 

Even things like GPS's can be affected by surges and spikes, so the answer to that is to try and not create that surge or spike in the first place.

 

 

Piranha Offroad originally introduced modern-day systems with technology that allowed us to run smart computer systems in our cars with a battery isolation system that was compatible and safe.

 

 

ice_screenshot_20210804-134449

 

 

Since then, technology has developed even further.

 

 

Now what's happened is; originally, we used to have minimal choices of batteries. 

 

 

We had basically wet cells in cranking and wet cells in deep cycle. 

 

 

Nowadays, we have:

 

  • AGM batteries which is Absorbed Glass Mat.
  • Calcium batteries 
  • We have a whole range of wonderful technologies that allow us to charge our batteries more quickly, and they give us more capacity, which is all really, really good. 

 

 

However, you then need to use smarter technology products. Something like products driven typically by a microprocessor: 

 

  • enabling us to have a full smart charging algorithm built into our battery charging system. 
  • and allowing us to charge those different batteries with the different chemistries and still function effectively. 

 

 

battery-management-system

 

 

Importantly, the smarter systems cannot damage the electronics on your car, so you will not be stranded, and you'll not be in limp home mode.

 

 

You can use these products with absolute confidence knowing that everything is going to be fine. Learn more about the Piranha 140 Amp Dual Battery Management System HERE.

 

 

The last thing, of course, is very important is that on an older style vehicle, you don't necessarily need this level of technology.

 

 

But if you do sell that vehicle in a couple of years and then upgrade to something a bit newer, this can go with you

 

 

The life expectancy of these products is typically 15 years or more, so a smart answer with smart technology is a great way to go.

 

 


Dual Battery Control Features

 

 

What are the features that we should be looking for in a modern dual battery controller

 

 

One of the very most important features that most simple systems do not have is one-way flow

 

 

In other words, very simply, let's explain this in terms of tanks of water.

 

 

If one tank is full and the other one is empty, and we join the two tanks together, they'll equalize so that the full one will go down to half and the flat one will come up to half.

 

 

That's not what you want in a modern system. 

 

 

You must have a one-way flow so effective that the alternator charges the main battery, and after that's charged, it charges the auxiliary battery, so one-way flow is one of the most important features.

 

 

The second thing is we must have in a smart, intelligent modern system electronic current limiting

 

 

We can't be using fuses or circuit breakers. They just are not fast enough to protect those computers that we need to look after.

 

 

The next feature is related to a frequently asked question, not IF it goes wrong, but WHEN it goes wrong. 

 

 

Because everything gets old and wears out eventually, it's critical that you will not be left stranded when a system fails. 

 

 

If this system ever goes wrong, it does not impinge or in any way affect the computer, the starting, or the running of the car.

 

 

The worst thing that might happens is getting warm beers as the fridge will stop working.

 

 

Back to the points again.

 

 

The joints in every electrical system have the potential of having problems

 

  • a wire can come loose 
  • you can get high resistance 
  • you can get corrosion 
  • something can short out 

 

 

ice_screenshot_20210804-162801

 

So typically, we don't want lots of joints in our system in the wires in these smarter systems. 

 

 

We typically only have two connections, one onto each of the batteries.

 

 

If you've got external fuses and circuit breakers, you end up with six or more connections. 

 

 

So keeping the joins to an absolute minimum is really, really important.

 

 

The next thing, of course, is an infinite choice of batteries.

 

 

Now you don't have much choice over what battery the car comes with when you buy it initially, but once that battery is worn out, the choice is up to you. 

 

 

With smart systems, we can run any type of chemistry or technology. Now, remember that different chemistry batteries require different amounts of voltage to make them charge correctly. 

 

 

They have different charging regimes. That's the technical term for it. 

 

 

With these systems, we can use dissimilar batteries with very specific charging regimes and still get them to charge properly. 

 

 

Very importantly, these systems are Australian made and Australian tested with five years or more warranty.

      

 


Conclusion

 

 

Piranha Offroad are experts when it comes to dual battery setup for off-road vehicles. 

 

 

A dual battery setup gives you extra power for your vehicle electrics and accessories. 

 

 

Piranha also produces a range of high-quality battery trays designed primarily for dual battery systems. 

 

 

ice_screenshot_20200515-220038

 

Piranha has the battery tray you need, no matter what make or model of your 4WD.

 

 

All Piranha battery trays are designed for strength and made out of plated steel. Built with high sides and pressed bases, Piranha battery trays are made to withstand the stress of offroading in any condition. 

 

 

Piranha battery trays all come with fixing hardware included. 

 

 

Piranha Offroad is the answer if you are looking to upgrade to a dual battery system without all the fuss.

 

 

Check here for our selection of Piranha Offroad products, including battery trays, electrical accessories, and camping gear.

 

 

If you need any assistance, please do not hesitate to contact our experienced sales team, and they will guide you towards choosing the right product for your needs.

 

 

Do you have any questions about Dual Battery Systems? Please post them in the comments!   

 

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The essential spares and tool kits for remote 4x4 travel

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madmatt_spares

 

In this post, we will run through what type of spare parts and tools we recommend you bring, especially if you're travelling independently in pretty remote areas. This list does not intend to be fully comprehensive, however, you can use it as a reference.

 


Nuts and Bolts

 

bolts_and_nuts

 

A sturdy box that's good for nuts and bolts is your first port of call for spare parts. 

 

If you have a metric vehicle, bring metric nuts and bolts.

 

Bring ones that are relative to your vehicle by figuring out which ones are important.

 

You can buy them pretty cheaply, and also, let's say you've recently upgraded the exhaust or something, just bring the spare bolts so if you lose one, then you have it and you are covered.

 

Now a piece of extra advice is if you lose a bolt or nut on your vehicle. If you don't have the spare size, you might find something else on your vehicle that has one that's not important that you can take it off and put it on to where it is required.

 

 


Filters

 

Filter_Kit_Terrain_Tamer1

 

A fuel filter is one of the most critical spares that you should even carry in the city if possible.

 

Getting bad quality fuel is an unfortunate possibility, and it's a big problem, especially with very sensitive diesel engines from the new vehicles. Carrying a spare fuel filter is a safe bet if you ever have to change the fuel filter somewhere out in a bush. 

 

It can also be handy to carry a spare air filter in case yours gets wet or dusty.

 

 


Wheel Bearing Kits

 

wheel_bearing_kits

 

Do you really need wheel bearings? We suggest you do if you go remote travel.

 

But even if you are not going that remote, you should have full bearings because if a wheel bearing fails in your vehicle, your wheel won't turn, and needless to say, you'll be stuck!

 

If you bring wheel bearings, make sure you also bring grease so you can actually grease them up and put them in. And of course, you'll also need tools for the job.

 

 

 


Wheel Nuts & Studs

 

wheel_nuts_studs

 

You should really have spare wheel studs and nuts. It's a good idea to carry a set of six for each (and be covered if you lose a whole wheel).

 

If not, then you have to take every single wheel off and then pull one stud out of each wheel to put that spare wheel up.

 

Another plus in bringing a fresh set of wheel nuts and studs is when you try to replace a wheel and the stud snaps because they have been tightened with a 400 Newton force rattle gun by some tire shops. Needless to say, making your life hard.

 

 


Belts

 

dayco_belt

 

What we do recommend you carry are your belts. If you are fortunate that your vehicle is a single belt, bring a serpentine belt. If your vehicle has three belts, bring all the spare belts you can to be safe.
 

Suppose you lose a belt on those multi belt systems. In that case, you may find that a different vehicle, even from a different make and model, may have a belt from their air conditioning that they don't need. That may fit your water pump or whatever is wrecked, so you may have a get-out-of-jail-free there.

 

But for the sake of ease, just bring some spare belts. Ensure you have tools to change or adjust your belt, sometimes special tools are required.

 

 


Hoses & Pipes

 

DMH6204__1

 

We recommend if you have a vehicle that's older than 200,000Kms to just get plenty of spare top and bottom hoses. But even if you drive more modern vehicles, just carry some radiator hoses (just in case).

 

 


Fluids

 

Penrite_oils

 

Speaking of radiators again, if you bust a radiator hose, you are going to obviously lose some liquid that will need to be put back in.

 

So, don't leave without some radiator coolant and if it is concentrate, the better. 

 

You can also bring oil, diff oil, power steering fluids, automatic transmission fluids, and essential fluids.

 

Depending on if you travel solo or with other people, you may share all the fluids with each other. If not and you travel solo, bring them all.  

 

If you bring motor oil, making sure it's the right one for your vehicle. If you are unsure of the exact type, speak to your mechanic.

 

And don't forget brake fluid! Make sure to carry a sealed brake fluid bottle as a spare. If the seal is off, it would have absorbed moisture from the atmosphere, and performance would be reduced.

 

 


Differential oil

 

lsd_diff_oil

 

There is a difference between oil for an LSD (limited-slip differential) and a regular differential.

 

LSD gear oil fluid has a friction modifier additive as part of the formulation. This is required for correct differential operation. In general, you can use a "Limited Slip" differential lubricant in a standard differential, making it the best option for a group.

 

What you can't use in an LSD differential is non LSD oil. You will need LSD oil in your differential.

 

Most vehicles with diff lockers will need LSD oil, and some vehicles need it front and rear. So if you're going to bring any oil, bring LSD oil because it will work on most vehicles. Just make sure that the viscosity and oil compatibility details match what your vehicle should be using.

 

However, if you're in the middle of nowhere and you need some gear oil, and someone has LSD oil, you're pretty much 99% sure that you'll be ok to use it to get out of there and then reassess what you need afterwards.

 

 

 


Aerosols

 

best-brake-cleaner

 

WD water displacement spray can be handy for when you're working on things like taking your spare parts off. You need this kind of stuff to help you.

 

Brake cleaners: although they can be a bit expensive, you'll need them.

 

Contact cleaners are suitable for your electrical stuff. Rather than using water displacement to clean your electrical contacts, use a contact cleaner. 

 

And don't forget a simple window washer! Driving with a clean window is more enjoyable against blinding sunsets or tons of bugs.

 

 

 


Genuine or OEM parts 

 

parts

 

Please don't carry cheap CVs or cheap fuel filters, thinking they are just for spare use. 

 

We would highly suggest you get the correct genuine or OEM parts because they are made for your particular vehicle.

 

 


Electrics 

 

fuses

 

Bring your spare fuses, your blade fuses, making sure to get your vehicle-specific ones.

 

You may need to get underneath your footwell or inside your engine bay and work out the important ones and what size they are and just buy them; they are pretty cheap.

 

 


Tools

 

tools_kits

 

Here is a comprehensive bullet list of tools to bring:


Tyre & Jacking Tools

  • A good 8 Ton Bottle Jack or Hi-Lift Jack are a good starting point for most recovery situations.
  • Tyre repair kits

 

General Mechanical Tools

  • pliers
  • cutters
  • nippers
  • Stanley knives
  • screwdrivers sets
  • allen keys
  • spanners
  • vice grips
  • socket sets
  • bearing socket (54mm)
  • pin punches 
  • chisels
  • grey silicone
  • hammers or axes

 

Other important tools

  • superglue 
  • rescue tape
  • steel tie wire
  • gas soldering iron
  • heavy duty construction adhesive like Dynagrip and metal repair like Dynasteel
  • duct tape
  • electrical tape
  • gloves and hand cleaner
  • hose clamps
  • zip ties
  • rags
  • Inox and WD40 lubricants
  • rachet straps

 

Electrical tools

  • wire cutter - stripper 
  • multimeter
  • fuses and lugs

 

More tools

  • emery cloth
  • D shaped half round file
  • wire brush

 

 


Conclusion 

 

We believe proper vehicle service maintenance is the best thing you can do before overlanding to remote areas and will reduce the chances that things go bad on your trip. However, this list of spares and tools is a good starting point to cover most situations. 

 

All Four x 4 Spares stocks a massive range of genuine/quality aftermarket OEM spare parts and tool-related products from the best brands.

 

If you need any assistance, please do not hesitate to contact our experienced sales team. They will guide you towards choosing the right product for your needs.
 

Do you have any questions about spares or tools? Post them in the comments!

 

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4WD UHF Radios & Communications - all you need to know!

Read entire post: 4WD UHF Radios & Communications - all you need to know!
 
ronny-uhf

credits: Ronny Dahl

 

Driving with family or friends is probably more enjoyable (well, that would depend on who your family members or mates are) and much safer if you can communicate easily with each other.

 

However, it'll also be handy if you can easily communicate with people outside your group.

 

In this post, we will cover a few critical aspects of 4wd communication when travelling and provide an overview of the most common devices.

 

Be sure to save this post; you never know when you may need 4wd communication tips before or during your trip.

 

 


Types of 4x4 communication

 

There are several communication methods available to overland or offroad drivers, and that's a positive thing since there are various communication needs.

 

A typical mix of types of communication would be:

 

  • Others in a group - UHF Radio
  • Other groups - UHF radio, HF radio
  • Anyone in the world - satellite phones, HF radio
  • Emergency services - satellite phones, HF radio, distress beacons

 

Let's analyse each of these methods more in details:

 

Just a tiny consideration about mobile phones 

 

They do the job for general purposes when within range, but they won't help intra-convoy chats.

 

 


UHF CB Radios

 

Opener-1

 

An Ultra-High-Frequency radio, more commonly known as UHF, has a set of citizen's band, or CB, frequencies available for unrestricted, public use.

 

It's a two-way radio system that is free to use, and you won't need a licence. Radio units are either mounted on the vehicle, with available ranges between 1km and 40km depending on terrain, or handheld, in which case you may get a range from 1 to 5 kilometres, depending on terrain. The unit and antenna's specs are contributing factors in range/quality.

 

CBs don't work like mobile phones for a series of reasons:

 

  • CBs broadcast to everyone on the channel. Mobile phones are one-tone. Forget about privacy with CBs, (conversations can get very embarrassing if you are not careful) ) 
  • Mobile phones are duplex, meaning that if you and your mate are talking simultaneously, you'll hear each other voices. CBs are simplex, meaning that only one person can speak at a given time (not just your wife) 
  • CB transmission is free, and you only need two CB radios to communicate.

 

 

Types of UHF CB

UHF CBs come in all sorts of shapes and sizes but can broadly be categorised into in-car and handheld units.

 

In-car and handheld units are the most common UHF CBs:

 

in_car_uhf

  • In-car units, remote head UHF radios means the main body of the unit can be housed elsewhere, leaving only a small head unit for channel operation, volume and connection to the microphone. The mike has up/down channel keys on it too.

 

 


 

Handheld-UHF-CB-Radios

  • Handheld UHF radios are excellent for coordinating recoveries and all types of communication. They are affordable and useful; however, they should be seen as complementary to, not a replacement for, in-car units, primarily as their small antennae mean range is quite limited.

 

 

How to use a CB radio

  • Listen before you transmit: if you transmit simultaneously as someone else, odds are the transmissions will block each other.
  • Privacy: nothing you say is private, not even with CTSS (continuous Tone-code Squelch System), which filters out listening to others but doesn't stop them listening to you.
  • Speaking to strangers: It's common to run into conversations on long trips with strangers in convoys. Just be kind, and mostly you can have an interesting chat.
  • Chat or safety? On a trip, chat away but leave room for urgent transmissions.

 

CB is very relaxed and clear; short communication is essential. Here are a few words to memorise:

 

  • Breaker, relevant: need to interrupt the conversation, something urgent to say
  • Copy: understood and received. Also, "Copy Rob?" to see if someone is on the channel. "Roger" is also utilised as affirmative. Also, please acknowledge important instructions briefly, so the other party knows you have received and understood, repeating the instruction back if needed.
  • Clear: you have left the channel and are no longer going to use it. Might add "and monitoring" if you intend to do so. They are used often on repeaters.
  • Stand-by: wait, I'll get back to you. The correct response is to remain silent; the person asking you to stand by is probably occupied.

 

 

Interference by a third party

It can happen quite frequently during trips to find other parties on the same channel.

 

The trip leader may choose to switch channels or not. A channel change may depend if you travel in urban or more remote areas.

 

A moving 4WD convoy quickly passes out of the range in urban areas, so moving channels is often not worth the effort. But when in remote areas, perhaps offroading, the convoy passes much slower, so a channel change may be made.

 

Don't forget: anything you say on a CB can be heard by everyone else in the group or anybody who may be listening. 

 

Unfortunately, some less courteous CB users act like trolls, insulting and provoking people. Just ignore them. Do not change channels as they will easily follow you.

 

Can someone ask you to clear a channel? They surely can and will at some point. Do you have to? It's up to you. The police and others have channels outside of the CB range.

 

 

Where to transmit

The best place is at the top of a hill. Climb higher if you can't raise someone. UHF CB radios require a line of sight to work adequately

 

 

Blind transmissions

You can likely receive transmissions, but your radio cannot send them, or vice-versa. That can happen, for example, when you have a car radio talking to a handheld radio: the two are separated by some distance, and the handheld has insufficient power to transmit clearly that distance. However, it can receive.

 

In that case, the blind transmission may be helpful. State, "transmitting blind" before you transmit, so the other person knows that you do not necessarily expect a response.

 

 

Phonetic alphabet

use it if required, but speaking more clearly is often better

 

 

Morse code

SOS is dot dot dot, dash dash dash, dot dot dot, that all repeated after a short break. A dot is one short sound, and a dash is the same but longer.

 

 

UHF channels

 

Since 2011, the number of UHF CB channels changed from 40 to 80. These are used as follows:

 

CH.

PURPOSE NOTES
1-8 Repeater Output Avoid unless you intend to use a repeater
5 Repeater Emergency only Defined by Law
9 Conversations General Use
10 4WD Clubs General Use (often used by 4wd drivers)
11 Calling Channel Must switch to a conversation channel when making contact
12-17 Conversations General Use
18 Holiday Channel (convoy caravanner) General Use
19-21 Conversations General Use
22-23 Data Channels No voice transmission permitted (defined by law)
24-28 Conversations General Use
29 Highway (Road Channel) General Use
30 Conversations General Use (broadcast)
31-38 Repeater Output Avoid unless you intend to use a repeater
35 Repeater Emergency only Defined by Law
39 Conversations General Use
40 Highway (Road Channel) Defined by law, for talking to other road users
41-48 Repeater Output Avoid unless you intend to use a repeater
49-60 Conversations General Use
61-63 Reserved Future expansion
64-70 Conversations General Use
71-78 Repeater Output Avoid unless you intend to use a repeater
79-80 Conversations General Use

 

 

Power

The power of a radio is measured in watts, which is basically how strongly the signal is radiated.

 

That strength depletes with an inverse square law, which means, all else being equal, to double the range of a 0.5-watt unit, you'll need a 2.54-watt radio.

 

The maximum permitted CB UHF power in Australia is 5 watts. The same law means that you'll get a quarter of the signal strength if you double your distance from a transmitter.

 

Receiving has nothing to do with the transmitter's power and everything to do with the quality and location of the antenna.

 

It's worth getting that right, as once you have tried UHF radio, you'll never want to travel without it.

 

 

Antennae

 

ANTENNAS

 

Radio performance is mainly dependant on the antenna, which is why a 5-watt handheld radio with a low antenna won't perform like an in-car five-watt unit with its higher antenna.

 

The location of the antenna is fundamental to its performance. Ideally, it would go on the roof rack or gutter, but the bull bar works too. 

 

A taller antenna is not necessarily better. Tall antennae are high gain which means they can transmit a long way, but only in a narrow band.

 

Shorter antennas are low gain, which means their transmissions are wider but don't travel as far.

 

Think of a doughnut, either squashed flat or normally shaped. An eight dBd (decibel relative to unity) is high gain, one dBd is low gain, and three to four is middle of the range. You can learn more by exploring the antennas's range from Oricom

 

 

 

Repeaters

Repeaters are base stations that look for signals on channel 1-8 and automatically re-transmit them a long way on channels 31-38.

 

Useful but avoid channels one to eight unless you actually mean to use a repeater.

 

 

AM CB radios

AM CB radios are the same as UHF, except they operate on a different frequency.

 

They are not used much nowadays as UHF is far clearer. However, AM often has a range advantage, and with so few people on it, less clutter.

 

 


Satellite phones

 

Iridium-Satellite-Phones

 

When offroading, you may run into situations where you must talk to an expert or the authorities.

 

You might have a life-threatening injury on your hands, a dead vehicle that you are unable to fix or be cornered by impassable roads with supplies running out.

 

For others, communication is more ordinary: many people conduct business remotely and being contactable can mean the difference between a holiday going ahead or not. Or perhaps you are waiting on really important news but don't want to delay a trip.

 

So there is a case for remote area communications, and one of the most common solutions is a satellite phone, or satphone, as it's highly portable and easy to use.

 

 

So what is a satphone?

Everyone knows what conventional mobile is - one that works on the GSM network - but perhaps not how it works.

 

The GSM network is a series of radio base stations all over the country with a typical range of around 30km. Your mobile is a radio transmitter/receiver and has adequate power to transmit your call to the nearest base station. From there, it hooks into the national telephone network and thus the world.

 

The limitation is that you need to be close to a base station, which won't help for outback travel, and the signal doesn't pass through or over hills, in part because it is broadcast from terrestrial stations.

 


Products like these Mobile Phone Signal Repeater Boosters help reduce call drop outs, improve cellular coverage in remote areas, and improve download speed so they come in very handy!


 

Anyway; satphones operate much the same way, but their base stations are satellites. While the satellites can see a large part of the earth, not all satphones systems have truly worldwide coverage.

 

Just because you have a satphone doesn't mean to say you'll be able to get assistance. If you need to make an emergency call, chances are you'll want to do so quickly, and the situation will be stressful.

 

You may also be struggling with battery life, noisy weather, service dropouts and limited time. The call needs to be quick and to the point, so get prepared. If you need to leave a message, don't assume you will be understood:

 

  1. Please send a text, too (and don't assume that will get through).
  2. Repeat yourself on any message.
  3. On any message, repeat yourself.
  4. When leaving a message, repeat it.

 

Adding a 12V adaptor and external antenna means no worries about battery life - then you can sit inside a comfortable, quiet car to make the call rather than battle the elements (a satphone doesn't work well inside a vehicle without an external antenna as it cannot easily see its satellites)

 

Make a list of emergency numbers, and more than one friend who you know can be trusted in an emergency. Then work out what you'll be likely to be saying. Here is an example list of information to leave and to take with you on a laminated card.

 

  • Full names of everyone at the party
  • Pertinent medical details (blood type, special conditions, medicare)
  • Next of kin and emergency contact
  • Vehicle make, model, colour and description
  • Intended routes and times

 

This list is what authorities will want to know

 

  • Who are the people (number, injuries)
  • What the problem is
  • Where you are (coordinates, track name/how far along)
  • Food, water, shelter situation
  • Your intended plans, what you have done and what you need

 

Some examples of numbers to take:

 

  • Local police
  • RFDs
  • Trusted friends (who have your travel details already)
  • Your friendly 4wd mechanic (ask before you leave)
  • Rangers

 

Finally, please do not consider a satphone as a get out of jail free card that substitutes for careful planning, training and quality equipment. Note that satphones should be able to call 112, the international emergency number, with or without a plan or SIM.

 

 

Can anyone make the call?

While satphones resemble mobile phones, they don't work like mobile phones.

 

As satphones are often carried for emergency purposes, the people making the calls may be scared, in adverse weather conditions and unfamiliar with satphones.

 

Could they still make an emergency call? We recommend not only familiarising everyone in your party with the phone but also including two copies of clear written instructions describing how to make an emergency call and turning all PIN codes and the like off.

 

Storing everything in a small camera bag is a good idea, too, but make sure it's easily accessible should you need to exit the vehicle in a hurry

 

 


HF Radio 

 

High-frequency (HF) radio is similar to UHF but with a much longer range.

 

That means you can talk to anyone from anywhere, but you do need a licence. The units are relatively expensive at around $2000+ and not very portable.

 

Vehicle-mounted radio kits could be damaged by fire or rollovers, whereas handset satphones are less vulnerable and more portable.

 

The good thing about HF is you become part of a travelling community, not just talking one-to-one as you would with a satphone, and there is no usage fee.

 

You can talk to people further up the track, for example. HF is free to use, and you can broadcast and listen in to the "skeds" or scheduled information services.

 

 

 


Distress beacons

 

 

What they are

When things turn desperate (like in life danger situations) and you are far away from normal communication channels, you will need help. What to do? A distress beacon could be the answer.

 

There are small, tough devices that, when set off, broadcast a radio signal to the rescue authorities, who will respond and assist.

 

Be clear about their use; beacons are to be used only "when there is a threat of grave or imminent danger", and other communications methods have been exhausted.

 

When you set one off, search, and rescue (SAR) teams are going to leap into action. This costs a lot of money, but more importantly, there are only so many SAR teams, and you don't want them turning up to a non-serious situation when they should be attending a real emergency.

 

Beacon communications are very simple, just a distress signal and maybe coordinates. There is no way to say what the problem is, on any two-way communication, unlike a satphone or HF radio.

 

That said, the simplicity of a beacon is its strength. They are much cheaper than a satphone, easier to use, there are no ongoing costs, they are small, tougher, more reliable and will work out your position (if fitted with GPS, although they cannot be used for navigation) and they continually transmit it. You could put one in your car and almost forget it exists, just as insurance.

 

They are a complement to satphones and HF radio, not a replacement, and the reason they exist is to firstly alert the authorities to those in real trouble and then "take the search out of search and rescue."

 

 

Types of beacon

There is not just one type of distress beacon, but several, all of which operates on the same basic principle; once activated, they send a distress radio signal until the battery dies.

 

The first type is an EPIRB, or Emergency Position Indicating Radio Beacon. These are designed to be mounted for vessels for maritime use, float with the antenna upright and operate for at least 48 hours. Some activate on contact with water. Distress beacons are sometimes incorrectly referred to as EPIRBs, and an EPRIB is just one type of distress beacon.

 

There are ELTs, or Emergency Locator Transmitters used in aircraft and designed to operate on impact, then continue transmitting for at least 24 hours. Most aircraft are required to carry an ELT.

 

PLBs are Personal Locator Beacons, which, as the name suggests, are small, light, designed to be carried by a person anywhere they may be and are manually activated. They float but are not required to do so with their antenna upright and need only transmit for 24 hours.

 

van_dragt_121318_0014-plb-in-use

 

Off-roaders should choose between PLBs or EPIRBs. Both will do the job, but cost and size will probably see most opt for PLBs. An EPIRB may be 260x120x83mm and weigh half a kg, whereas a PLB may weigh 250g with dimensions of 135x71x38mm.

 

That means it is easily slipped into a side pocket of a vehicle or taken on walks or other activities. A PLB will cost a lot less than $1000, or you can hire them.

 

 

Australian beacons

You must ensure the beacon you buy is designed for the Australian system; the government organisation in charge of beacons, the Australian maritime safety authority (AMSA), warns against some North American types.

 

That said, all 406MHzbeacons work everywhere in the world and all work on the same principle.

 

There are two types of beacon, those on the 121.5MHz frequency and those on 406MHz, but the 121.5MHz types were phased out in February 2009 and should be destroyed by authorised personnel so they cannot be used or send a false alarm.

 

All 406 MHz units must be registered with AMSA, which cost nothing. Australian units must be coded with the Australian identifier 503, and the contacts given to AMSA must be Australian.

 

The registration process asks for the unique beacon HEXID or UIN number (printed on the beacon), what make and model it is, your contact details and three emergency contact details.

 

If applicable, you can fill out vessel or aircraft details or use the Land section to describe your vehicle. If the beacon is set off, the authorities know whose it is, who they are looking for, who to contact and what vehicle you may be. After registration, a confirmation letter with proof of registration sticker will be sent to you. The sticker should be attached to your EPIRB or PLB next to the HEXID already marked on the beacon.

 

The stickers are valid for two years and provide an easy visual check for authorities to check your beacon is registered. 

 

 

How beacons works

1905f_hiw_16x9

When activated, the beacon transmits a radio signal, on 406MHz, which contains its ID, to a set of satellites, pulsing the signal at a power of five watts.

 

These satellites are run by Cospas-Sarsat, an international organisation started by the USA, France, Canada and Russia in 1979.

 

ESA_Cospas-Sarsat_system

 

There are two types, LEOSAR which are in low earth orbit and more relative to the earth, and GEO SAR, which are geostationary, so they don't move relative to the earth.

 

The two are complementary; for example, as LEOSAR moves, it may be able to get in positions to receive a signal where GEO SAR cannot, but GEO SAR offers immediate pickup.

 

If you get a GEO SAR satellite, the authorities know about it within 5 minutes, but otherwise, you may need to wait up to an hour for one of the five LEOSAR satellites to come by as they orbit the world once every 100 minutes.

 

Now there is a quicker and more accurate way to get help; the beacon's exact location can be encoded in the signal. That's pretty simple; just add a GPS receiver to the beacon and once the GPSR acquires a lock, send the coordinates along.

 

Suppose the beacon is in a clear area. In that case, it'll take a few minutes to acquire a GPS lock, and then you'll get near-instant and exact notification of location (within around 120 metres) to the rescue team who now also have a good idea or what sort of terrain or water you are in even before they depart.

 

Consider, too, that once the authorities have your coordinated, they will continue to the location and don't require the beacon to transmit it, but leave it on as the homing signal makes it easier for them to find you. All up GPS capability is definitely worth the extra couple of hundred dollars.

 

 

Maintaining a beacon

Owning and maintaining a beacon is easy. Please keep it away from magnetic sources, run the self-test as required, check it hasn't been damaged, keep it away from children, keep the registration details updated with AMSA and explain its use to any adults. Call AMSA ON 1800 641 792 immediately if a beacon is accidentally activated; there is no penalty for doing so.

 

Secure your beacon to avoid hoaxers playing with people lives. Check the battery life, which will be a few years, and when it needs replacing, get it done only by a dealer. Take care of it because one day you may need it.

 

 


Conclusion

 

All Four x 4 Spares stocks a massive range of communication and navigation-related products such as AntennasMaps, Books & DVDsUHF & CB RadiosWalkie Talkies from the best brands including Hema MapsOricom, CEL-Fi.

 

If you need any assistance, please do not hesitate to contact our experienced sales team and they will guide you towards choosing the right product for your needs.

 

Do you have any questions about 4wd communications? Post them in the comments!

 

 

4wd_communication_all_four_x_4

 

 

 

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Australian Outback by 4wd travel diary - 4500Kms to remote NSW and QLD

Read entire post: Australian Outback by 4wd travel diary - 4500Kms to remote NSW and QLD

 

Yenlora_Rd1

 

We are fortunate here at All Four x 4 Spares. Our staff live and breathe 4wd adventure and when they take their holidays, they don't just sit back and relax...they undertake overlanding trips with their own 4wds to some of the most remote areas this country has to offer. 

 

When they return to the office, they do not hesitate to show off their magnificent travel photos to stir colleagues and make them just a bit jealous :) 

 

That is the case of Dave and Deb, who are almost experts in packing up all the necessities on their Land Rover Defender and head out for weeks of exploration.

 

They recently travelled 4500kms in 3 weeks in April to south-western QLD and north-western NSW

 

Here is the travel diary they returned with along with some spectacular images...Enjoy!


 

"After the rain in March, the landscape was a vivid green parkland with surface water still evident, a stark contrast to the dry, dusty and grassless landscapes that we have come to expect. 

 

After leaving Hebel, we visited Culgoa FloodplainThushton, Mariala, Lake Bindegolly and Currawinya National Parks

 

Access to Culgoa was opened the day before we arrived. We were presented with long sections of water covered track before arriving at Byra Lagoon to camp for 2 nights. 

 

We had the park to ourselves and enjoyed the sight of a full lagoon filled with birdlife. 

 

Byra_Lagoon1

 

 

Then we travelled north on station tracks to Thrushton via Mitchell and Bollon to once again have the park to ourselves.

 

Thrushton_camp1

 

 

There is a beautifully restored shearing shed, and evidence of open bore drains that once watered the sheep. 

 

woolshed1

 

 

The next stop was Mariala via Charleville and yet again our own private park where we explored on a drive to waterholes camp area and a hike to a beautiful lookout on an escarpment. 

 

Mariala_Escarpment1

 

 

This was the end of our first week, and temperatures were in the low 30s until a late change on our last night at Mariala

 

The road then took us to Adavale, a beer at the pub with Cos, the publican, to celebrate our third visit; apparently, we are rare! 

 

Next stop, Lake Bindegolly, and two hikes to be amazed at the water and the birds. 

 

 

Then we headed east to find the northern access to Currawinya NP along Yenlora Rd to Myninya campground. The 85 km drive was magnificent over rocky terrain with some washouts requiring low low as this road had also been recently closed. 

 

Yenlora_Rd1

 

 

We travelled beside the Walters Range and through Gidgee country before arriving at camp where the lake that last time was dry was now full. Once again, we were the only people in the park. 

 

Lake_at_Myninya1

 

From here, we explored the new northern area of Currawinya via Boorara Springs circuit, 110kms, that took us past the woodshed, mound springs and over the Walters Range that provided magnificent vistas.

 

 

We also revisited Budjiti lookout, and this time we could see Lakes Numalla and Wyara in the distance, full of water! 

 

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After 2 nights, we moved to Ourimperee Waterhole camp area beside the Paroo.

 

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We were entertained by a lone pelican who trolled up and down for his dinner. 

 

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We visited the lakes to be amazed at the transformation from our last visit when they were both dry. It was wonderful to hear waves crashing and birds calling. 

 

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The next day we explored the newly opened Beefwood Rd from the woodshed to the Eulo-Hungerford Rd and found a beautiful wetland area and were lucky to see a pair of Brolgas. This road also crossed the Walters range with great views again and had amazing history about how cattle were transported. 

 

We spent 6 nights in Currawinya and travelled 700 kms in the park. 

 

Then we had a huge loop to visit our friends at Boneda, near Breewarina, via Eulo, Cunumulla, Baringun and Engonia, 300kms, as we needed fuel and some roads were still closed. 

 

When we arrived, they were still shearing, so we experienced a working shearing shed and dinner with the shearing crew. Dave and I went out with Jen, the owner, on quad bikes to see the amazing water-filled paddocks that were dustbowls on our last visit and check on the sheep and goats. 

 

After the shearers left, Dave and Steve, owner, drove 100ks to Weilmoringle to collect wild dog baits for Jen to distribute. While Jen was busy, Steve jumped on a quad bike, and Dave and I drove in Steve's Toyota ute to help with goat mustering and boy are they crazy animals.

 

Home again, and Dave is still recovering from driving the Toyota.

 

What a good end to a trip that gave a different view to land previously visited, we made our way home from Boneda via Gilgandra and the golden highway. I wonder what the next trip has in store"

 

 

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Cliffhanger 4WD Offroad Event - 1,000 klm of racing!

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Check out this VLOG with some of the action, the highs and the lows of this 1000km (621miles) of extreme Off-Road Racing. 

 

This VIDEO BELOW is DAYS 1-3. Enjoy!

 

 

 

What is a Cliffhanger 4wd event?

 

Cliffhanger is a week-long off-road event every second year involving 1,000 klm of racing, winching up rocks, speedy creek runs, navigational tasks, rally stages on farm trails and across virgin terrain and is famous for its vertical winch walls. The stages are all long-lasting and typically combine several facets of winching, navigation and speed. All Four x 4 Spares proudly joined the MadMatt 4wd Team and WE WON the Super Tourer Class 1st price.

 

Here is some racing diary from our "Blind Navi" John:

 

 

Well after 6 gruelling days of racing and over 1000kms we finished. Here is just a brief wrap up of what we went through.

  • Driver: Mad Matt
  • Navigator: John Campbell
  • Car number 211
  • Class: Super Tourer

 

Just the journey out to the event was long enough with nearly 800km to cover just go get there.

 

We arrived at camp and set up our tents /swags.

 

Matt had arrived a day or so before, so the race car was already out there and a basic camp had been formed.

 

The first job was to get the race car passed for scrutineering, in this event like all others there are strict vehicle and safety items that must be adhered to, with a big tick to all of these we were free to go off and do some testing and tuning.

 

We still had a few days till the start of the 6-day event that would cover 1000kms of the harshest terrain that could be thrown at us.

 

I will not go into detail about every stage but will try to give all a brief understanding as to what it was like.

 

In this 6 day race, we covered just over 1000kms and had a variety of terrain to travel across from sandy creek bed runs, rocky dry creek runs, gibber plains and some of the nastiest rocky outcrops you can find and then to top it all off-vertical wall winching!

 

Throughout the week we tried to be consistent by starting and finishing every stage. All the teams' hard work paid off and we found ourselves playing with the big boys which found us in the top 16 cars overall.

 

Stage 5 was the only stage that we started and did not finish as a broken front diff and a snapped winch rope put ends to this. A quick trip back to our pit and the centre was changed out for another in approx. 45 mins and we were back onto the next stage.

 

The only real issues we had all week was the broken front diff centre, a busted engine air intake hose and an electrical gremlin that kept showing its head up randomly which would cause the whole engine to just simply turn off. This issue after 2 late nights spent chasing wires and connectors was found to be the ignitor for the distributor cap but we had a spare one!!!

 

All in all, it was a great week of racing and team building that not only got us over the finish line but also helped us to 1st place in our class of super tourer as well as 22nd overall.

 

Stay tuned to our blog page for a bit more detailed insight into CLIFFHANGER 2021

 

 

 

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The Importance of an Oil Catch Can

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FCCKT13

 

There are many systems at play in the modern diesel engine, and a few of these are focused on reducing emissions.

 

Most modern diesel engines utilise Exhaust Gas Recirculation (EGR) or a Diesel Particulate Filter (DPF) to reduce emissions such as nitrous oxide and soot in the exhaust.

 

This, together with new diesel engine technologies like common rail, can choke your engine intake. Accessories like an oil mist filter or catch can are designed to help combat some of the issues.

 

 


What is an Oil Catch Can?

 

On modern 4wds, primarily turbo-diesels models, small quantities of gas from the combustion process in the engine trickles past the piston rings and into the sump.

 

Crankcase ventilation stops this pressure from growing by releasing it on older 4wds straight into the atmosphere, whilst on newer 4x4 vehicles it is recirculated into the air intake to be burned in the cylinders.

 

This air is heavily laden with oil mist, precisely the kind of thing that we don't need hovering in the air we inhale, nor in the air our engines want to breathe.

 

A catch can's main job is to separate the oil from the air so the oil can be stored and either disposed of periodically or fed back into the sump where it can continue to lubricate your engine.

 

They are a passive device that won't alter your engine's fuel economy or performance directly and isn't an illegal modification.

 

Instead, a catch can will reduce maintenance costs and minimise any potential issues.

 

This video explains the oil catch can process

 

credits:engineering explained

 


Why would you need one for your 4wd?

 

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Late model turbo-diesel engines are filled with an array of sensors, valves, filters and pipes required to keep them running safely and efficiently.

 

These engines typically vent the crankcase gases into the air intake, just after the air filter.

 

This feeds through the turbo and intercooler via the intake piping before entering the engine.

 

The turbo won't be much affected by a small amount of extra oil; the temperature a turbo runs at will keep the oil vaporised.

 

The intercooler is attempting to get the heat out of the intake air, and as temperature decreases, the oil mist creates droplets and sticks to the intercooler's internal surfaces.

 

It won't take long for a heavy breathing diesel engine to partially block the intercooler and inlet manifold sufficiently to provoke a loss in performance.

 

Another obstacle that will occur is with the Mass Air Flow (MAF) sensor, which regulates the fuel injection via the ECU.

 

A coating of dirty old oil doesn't allow the MAF sensor to read the airflow precisely, leading to incorrect fuelling and economy reduction.

 

If the MAF sensor is entirely out of its expected range, the ECU will implement limp-home mode, significantly reducing vehicle driveability.

 

 


Finding a suitable catch can to match the engine size is essential

 

When choosing a catch can, the most crucial task is ensuring the inlet and outlet hoses are the equivalent or larger diameter than the factory crankcase vent hoses it is replacing.

 

Some cans are one-size-fits-all solution, while others have a diversity of sizes, with sizing aligned to engine power.

 

A larger than necessary catch can has no disadvantages apart from the space required to fit it.

 

Flashlube, for example, reassure the consumer that even a well-worn LandCruiser 200 series won't overload the Catch Can Pro.

 

 


What makes a great catch can

 

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As we mentioned, a catch can separates microscopic oil droplets from the crankcase air before the air is sent back to the engine via intake and the turbo.

 

And of course, if a can is  0% effective, it means that it won't remove any oil from the air, while 100% effective removes all oil from the intake air.

 

Another consideration is the pressure drop. Air must be vented efficiently.

 

We can measure the change in pressure from the inlet to the outlet of the catch can.

 

Ideally, pressure on both sides of the catch can is even, meaning the air is crossing through without restriction, rather than building backpressure attempting to leak out upstream of the catch can and thus not flowing correctly.

 

The ideal catch can will have a 100% oil capture efficiency and zero pressure drop.

 

 


The Inlet Manifold Problem of Modern Diesel Engines

 

In this video, Brent from Terrain Tamer talks about Flashlube Catch Cans Pro

 

 

Most of today's diesel engines are turbocharged for better performance thus possibly creating more blow-by gases in the crankcase that escape via the PCV system.

 

This oily mist is redirected back into the inlet and can stick to the inside of the hoses, manifold and turbo turbine blades as well as the intercoolers.

 

When soot-laden exhaust gas is introduced into the manifold as part of the EGR system, it can create a sticky mess that can dramatically restrict your manifold flow.

 

This build-up of soot and oil, together with the engine's heat, can bake on to the inlet manifold and eventually reduce the internal diameter of the inlet manifold.

 

 


Reducing Oil in the Inlet System

 

We recommend an oil mist separator's fitment or what is more commonly called a catch can to combat the build-up of oil from the crankcase ventilation system.

 

The catch can is a filter that sits between the outlet of the crankcase ventilation system, where it comes out from the valve cover, and the PCV valve where the mist is injected back into the air intake piping.

 

The catch can separates the oil from the air, and returns the oil-free air to the engine. The oil is then collected in a hose, a reservoir or plumbed back into the engine sump.

 

This reduces the oil in the intake system and leads to a cleaner engine burn and intake system.

 

 


Fitting a Catch Can to your Diesel Engine

 

At All Four X 4 in Kotara, we sell Flashlube Catch Can kits that come with everything you need to fit a catch can to your diesel engine.

 

Manufactured in Germany under licence, the Flashlube Catch Can kits are designed with unique safety valves to ensure their installation will not overpressurise the engine.

 

The kits are vehicle specific and include mounting bracket and the required hoses to connect the filter to your PCV valve and valve cover.

 

A general kit is also available to fit vehicles that do not have a specific kit available.

 

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The kit comes with mounting bolts that fit existing threaded holes, so no drilling or threading is required.

 

The bracket in this kit mounts the catch can, close to the intake pipe and the PCV outlet on the motor's valve cover.

 

The moulded rubber hoses that come with the Flashlube kit are vehicle specific and therefore fit as required with minimal modifications to existing setups.

 

In this case, there is a hose from the valve cover outlet to the catch can inlet, and a second hose from the catch can outlet to the PCV valve on the intake hose of the engine, just before the turbo.

 

These hoses are secured by new hose clamps that are included as part of.

 

Another hose is fitted to the bottom of the catch can unit that will collect the oil that has been separated from the vapour.

 

This hose can be plumbed back into the engine's oil system using additional parts not supplied in the kit or used with the supplied tap valve allowing oil to be stored in the length of the hose.

 

If not being plumbed back into the engine's oil system, it is recommended that you empty the collected oil in the outlet hose monthly and/or at every service.

 

By reducing the oily mist entering your air intake, you reduce the build-up of sticky mess inside your turbocharger, inlet pipes, intercooler and inlet manifold.

 

This can help keep your diesel performing better.

 

 


How Flashlube Oil Catch Can Pro scored on Lab Tests

 

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Recent studies conducted by Curtin University provided an efficiency and effectiveness score of some of the most commonly used catch cans brands in the market.

 

The testing method required drawing with a vacuum pump a measured airflow of 50-250 litres per minute through each catch can and then measuring their pressure before and after.

 

A good catch-can would have a high filtration efficiency and low-pressure drop, and Flashlube's Catch Can Pro scored the best across any competitors with the most effective filter efficiency at 150L/min

 

 

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credits: unsealed4x4 and curtin university

 

 

 


Fitting and Recommendations

 

We would recommend having your inlet manifold professionally cleaned regularly to ensure it is free of oily build-up and soot from the EGR system.

 

This is a widespread issue in diesel engines, and performance can be severely affected if left without cleaning.

 

The Flashlube Catch Can kits can be ordered through our sales team for your specific vehicle and fitted yourself by following the included instructions.

 

Check our Flashlube page hereWe also supply Flashlube Catch Can Pro Accessories and Spares such as Replaceable Serviceable Filter Elements suitable for Flashlube Catch Can Pro

 

Alternatively, our workshop team can fit the Flashlube Catch Can kit.

 

 


Conclusion

 

Do you have any questions? Contact our team today on (02) 4041 4000 or comment below!

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4x4 Shows: ALL 4 ADVENTURE with Jase and Simon

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When we are not out in the great Australian outdoors or working on our toys, we are catching up on the latest episode of our favourite lifestyle shows, and All 4 Adventure with Jason and Simon is a definite favourite. Here at All Four x 4 Spares, we are such big fans of what they do and the gear the use we even carry their CampBoss 4x4 range in stock in our store. 

 

Today we will explore a few insights of this great 4wd show with some interesting facts, including tremendously entertaining footage from their adventure videos and photos of their monster 4wds.

 

Intro

 

We love our four-wheel driving, camping and exploring adventures. Exploring this great country is not only rewarding but provides a challenge with the different environments on offer. Australia is a true playground for adventures, from Western Australia and Queensland's white sandy beaches to the iconic red centre.

 

At the time of writing this blog post, in March 2021, it has been great seeing more people discovering our own backyard since the COVID pandemic began. With many international holidays and cruises cancelled, people are hooking up their vans, grabbing their tents and camping gear, and getting out amongst it all.

 

Caravan parks are getting booked out, caravans and 4WD vehicles are selling like Maccas nuggets, and there seems to be a new Instagram profile or YouTube channel popping up every day showing Aussie adventures and travel.

 

After a tough 2020, many regional areas are loving Australian travellers' visits and the boost to their local economies. The Bring Your Esky and Shop Local campaigns have helped many smaller Aussie brands survive. Will this become a new normal in Australia? It most likely will be at least until international travel becomes a viable option.

 

Popular 4wd shows traditionally broadcasted on TV, or the new younger generation of social media 4wd stars with massive following have contributed to the increasing interest in adventure or exploration of this great country.

 

All 4 Adventure started approximately over a decade ago out of a Handycam bought off from eBay and turned into a well-recognized brand getting broadcasted on Network Ten.

 

To top this off, they have also worked on the new paid media tv Unleashed TV where you can access over 120 hours of Australian adventure for about $10 a month. If you are a fan of 4x4ing, camping, fishing, boating, quads, touring, rig builds, bush cooking, and other Australian adventure activities, then Unleashed TV is the place! So much so that for each episode people get hooked on, they hunt and collect bonus keywords online to receive additional entries into the All 4 Adventure Dream competition link.

 

 

Getting to know the Hosts

 

 


Jase

 

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The frontman of All 4 Adventure, Jase Andrews, had driven across Australia six times before his mid-twenties and grew up with a strong appreciation of what this country has to offer, he loves cooking up bush tucker and a very talented 4wder.

 

He now drives his modified LandCruiser 200 series through some extreme places for the show, towing a trailer that carries a boat and an ATV.

 

Jase is the creator, director and host of All 4 Adventure (screening on TenPlay).

 

His story is about a man living the dream of turning his passion for fishing, camping and adventure into a prosperous business. 

 

 

 


Simon

 

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Simon Anderson is a farm boy who loves the coast, the ocean and fishing. If you watch the show, you will know he also loves his food and camp cooking.

 

Simon drives an Isuzu D-Max towing a caravan in the latest series.

 


 

 

The boys go through some remote country with their specially developed expedition vehicles, showing off beautiful coastlines, bush and desert landscapes.

 

They use only the bst gear for their trips and adventures, showcasing what they have fitted to their cars, toys and boats.

 

Some of this gear comes from some of the most respected 4wd brands in Australia, that we are proud to be official stockists, to mention some: Clearview, Brown Davis, Ultimate 9, and more.

 

 


Seasons

 

 

 

In their early episodes of Seasons 1-3, Jase and Simon tackled a lot of the Northern Territory.

 

 

 

 

Season 4 was focused on the Kimberley region.

 

 

 

 

Season 5 was Across the Top

 

 

 

 

Season 6 focused on the rugged North.

 

 

 

 

Season 7 explored Cape York in Secrets of the Cape.

 

 

 

 

Season 8 was exploring the Wild West.

 

 

 

 

Season 9 focused again on Tackling the Territory.

 

 

 

 

Season 10 was about a Decade of Dirt.

 

 

 

 

Season 11 focused on Coastlines of the Cape.

 

 

 

 

 

In their latest season that just wrapped up, season 12 – Escape to the North, the boys explored more of North Queensland and the Northern Territory.

 

 

 

 

This included areas like the west coast of Cape York, the Savannah Way, Lorella Springs, Normanton, Karumba, etc.

 

Driving a kitted out 200 series Toyota Landcruiser converted into a ute and an Isuzu D-Max, the season shows off some excellent bush track driving, beach adventures, water crossings and navigating through the bush without tracks.

 

You can see what has been done and added to Jase's truck HERE

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You can see what has been done and added to Simon's truck HERE

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CampBoss 4x4

 

If you have been watching the Season 12 series, you may have spotted a lot of their new CampBoss gear, including soft shackles, recovery kits and cooking kits.

 

The waffle iron was a favourite for Jase during his cook-ups in series 12, with some great recipes!

 

We are proud to stock this new range of gear at All Four x 4 in Kotara. We are an authorised CampBoss retailer.

 

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Check our CampBoss 4x4 Range for pricing and availability or drop in and see the team today 

 

 

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Knowing what to do when crossing different terrains, water crossings, and facing extreme weather conditions can be the difference between a successful trip or one full of problems.

 

Having the right gear on your 4WD is also important.

 

You can catch All 4 Adventure on Unleashed TV or when it airs on Channel 10. Check out their website for links to each TV series at TV Series Overview - All 4 Adventure

 

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Call in and see our team at Kotara for all your CampBoss gear. We can also handle all your general vehicle servicing, troubleshooting, upgrades and fitment of your adventure gear.

 

Our new showroom has a whole heap of gear on display, including rooftop tents, swags, camp chairs, suspension, recovery gear, camping accessories, service accessories and more.

 

The team can help guide you through your four-wheel drive options, book in your vehicle for servicing, and chase up new and used parts and accessories.

 

Let us know your favourite TV series or YouTube channel that showcases the 4x4, caravanning and camping lifestyle in the comments below.

 

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